Avec le développement des réseaux sociaux, nos élèves doivent être vigilant et critique face aux informations qu’ils lisent et partagent. C’est pourquoi Mathieu O’Neil, professeur en Communication à l’Université de Canberra (UC) est venu leur donner des outils pour détecter les « fake news » comme par exemple vérifier les sources ou bien à travers le choix du vocabulaire… Ils ont appris la différence entre une information biaisées et une «fake news» grace à une explication du financement des médias. Mathieu leur a également montré ce qu’est une «echo chamber» et comment elles permettent aux fake news de se reprendre. Un grand merci à lui !
Some tips to spot fake news from Benjamin Wittes :
Here are six easy steps you can take to help control the problem of political disinformation:
(1) Pause a moment--just a moment--before you share something on social media to ask whether you are being someone's dupe and whether you mind.
(2) Don't share content you haven't actually read. The headline is not the article. Know WHAT you are sharing. This isn't asking a lot, people.
(3) Don't share content of whose origin you have no idea. You wouldn't go on TV and broadcast something you heard from any old rando. That's exactly what you're doing when you retweet material from people you don't know and have no reason to trust.
(4) Pause before sharing attacks on people. A huge amount of disinformation involves mindless ad hominem.* When you share such material, you're generally just amplifying the cacophony--often about a specific person. Ask yourself whether you're adding signal or noise. Ask yourself why this person is being attacked, and ask yourself whose interests you are serving by turning up the amplifiers on the attack.
(5) Edited video is dangerous stuff. Even before you get to deep fakes, every time there's a cut, someone has removed something. Ask yourself whether you have enough context to evaluate the shared material and whether you know and trust the entity or person that made the cuts.
(6) All of this boils down to something we might call the "finding candy on the street" rule. If you found candy on the street, you wouldn't eat it. If someone gave you candy on the street, you might eat it depending on what it was and who gave it to you.
Information is like candy obtained in public. Ask yourself this question: if this were candy and I were walking down the street, would I eat this? And would I give it to my kids and friends?
That's all I got.
* Ad hominem (Latin for "to the person", short for argumentum ad hominem, is a fallacious argumentative strategy whereby genuine discussion of the topic at hand is avoided by instead attacking the character, motive, or other attribute of the person making the argument, or persons associated with the argument, rather than attacking the substance of the argument itself. (Wikipedia)